OPEC and its allies appear to have accomplished their mission of reducing global oil stocks to desired levels, the International Energy Agency said on Friday, signalling that the market could become too tight if supply remains restrained. OPEC must decide to boost oil output at its next meeting to “comfort” a tightening market, said the head of the International Energy Agency. The IEA, which coordinates the energy policies of industrialised nations, said stocks in developed countries could fall to their five-year average – a metric used by OPEC to measure the success of output cuts – as early as May.
“It is not for us to declare on behalf of the Vienna agreement countries that it is ‘mission accomplished’, but if our outlook is accurate, it certainly looks very much like it,” the IEA said in its monthly report. “Global oil markets are going through a very sensitive period — global economic growth as well,” IEA Executive Director Fatih Birol said in an interview in London Thursday. Without an increase in output from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, Birol reiterated his warning the global economy will enter “a red zone” because momentum is already slowing amid trade disputes. Vienna-based OPEC has reduced production in tandem with Russia and other allies since January 2017 to prop up oil prices, which soared above $70 per barrel this month, giving a new boost to booming U.S. output of shale oil.
On Thursday, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries said in a monthly report that oil stocks in the developed world were only 43 million barrels above the latest five-year average. The Paris-based IEA put the figure at just 30 million barrels as of the end of February. But as oil production has collapsed in OPEC member Venezuela and still faces hiccups in peers such as Libya and Angola, the oil exporter group is producing below its targets, meaning the world needs to use stocks to meet rising demand. The IEA said that even though non-OPEC output was set to soar by 1.8 million barrels per day this year on higher U.S. production, it was not enough to meet global demand, expected to rise by 1.5 million bpd or around 1.5 percent. “If the oil producers care about the health of the growth of the global economy, which I believe they do, they should take the steps to further comfort the market.”
OPEC was producing 31.83 million bpd in March, below the call on its crude for the rest of the year at 32.5 million bpd. “Our balances show that if OPEC production were constant this year, and if our outlooks for non-OPEC production and oil demand remain unchanged, in 2Q18-4Q18 global stocks could draw by about 0.6 million bpd,” the IEA said. The figure would represent 0.6 percent of global supply or around half of OPEC’s current production cuts of nearly 1.2 million bpd. The output-limiting pact runs until the year-end. OPEC meets in June to decide its next steps. The organisation’s de facto leader, Saudi Arabia, has said it would like the agreement to extend into 2019. OPEC Secretary-General Mohammad Barkindo told Reuters on Thursday OPEC and its allies were poised to extend the pact into next year even as a glut of crude should evaporate by September. While the oil market is well supplied right now “the next few months might be difficult if the producers don’t increase production or give the signal for it.”“This provides comfort to the markets which is much appreciated and is the reason that we see markets are more relaxed now,” Birol said. “But this shouldn’t mean that the challenges are over. We still see strong oil demand growth, Venezuela’s production continues to be in free fall and Iranian exports are declining.”